The Science Of Scientific Writing    Set 3     Set 3-Refining claims ClaimsSeven rulesExercises 1-6Exercises 7-9Final Page Set 3.

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OVERVIEW: The way to well-written science

How to do the Course


PART I: Paragraphs and Sentences...

SET 1: The Parts of Arguments

SET 2: Indicator Words

SET 3: Refining Claims

SET 4: Locating Arguments in Prose

SET 5: Rationale's Essay Planner

SET 6: Assessing

SET 7 : More on Assessing


So what goes in the boxes?

Question mark

Seven rules:

1. No reasoning in a box (no ‘because’, ‘therefore’, ‘but’)

Example: 'The temperatures have been high therefore there must be global warming'

No reasoning in a box


2. Only one thought per box (no ‘and’ or ‘neither’)

Example: 'The proposal meets cost targets and quality requirements'

Two Claims


3. Claims should be full sentences (no 'thought bites' or shortcuts)

Example: 'Lamb roast - Sunday lunch classic'

Full sentences


4. Claims should be capable of being true or false (no questions)

Example: 'Do the two leaders really believe that this demeaning behaviour is what the Australian voters want?'



5. Claims should be to the point (no waffle)

'Very very often sheltered people who are not in the know have expected to see chap-wearing, tobacco-chewing, dusty cowboys on the streets of Houston'


To the point


6. Claims should be easy to understand (no jargon, not convoluted)

Example: 'The strikes caused collateral damage among non-combatants'

Easy to understand

7. Every box must make sense when read in isolation.

Example: 'Vegemite is healthy.  It tastes good'

Stand alone statement



Content of this page drawn in whole or part from the Austhink Rationale Exercises with permission from Austhink.