The Science Of Scientific Writing    Set 2     Set 2 - Indicator words : 3 types of Indicators : Example : Exercise 1 : Exercise 2 : Exercise 3 : Exercise 4 : Exercise 5 : Exercise 6 : Final page Set 2.

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OVERVIEW: The way to well-written science

How to do the Course


PART I: Paragraphs and Sentences...

SET 1: The Parts of Arguments

SET 2: Indicator Words

SET 3: Refining Claims

SET 4: Locating Arguments in Prose

SET 5: Rationale's Essay Planner

SET 6: Assessing

SET 7 : More on Assessing


In these exercises you'll be dragging and dropping text onto the workspace.  Highlight the portion of text you want, hold down the mouse button and drag your selected text onto the workspace.  Your selected text will appear in a new white box.

Exercise 1

1. Make a Rationale Reasoning map of the following argument:

The war in Iraq was illegal because the war in Iraq violated international law.

Drag and drop sections of the above text onto the workspace to proceed.  This works with any version of Rationale.

You will need to identify the indicator word to do this: it reveals the structure of the map.


  • Find the indicator word
  • Drag the pieces of text that express claims out onto the workspace
  • Don't drag the indicator out!  It doesn't go on the argument map: it isn't a claim, but rather a 'signpost' to tell us how the argument goes
  • Work out what kind of indicator it is: is what follows the indicator a reason, objection, or position?
  • Change the colour of the boxes to indicate whether each is a position, reason, or objection
  • Assemble the map from your colored boxes
  • Note: if you connect the boxes before you change their colors Rationale will assume you are making a Grouping map, rather than a Reasoning map.  You will need to click on your map and then click on 'Reasoning' in the ribbon menu above to fix this.

2. Check your work against the model.



Content of this page drawn in whole or part from the Austhink Rationale Exercises with permission from Austhink .