The Science Of Scientific Writing    Set 5     Set 5-EssaysSecond pageThird page Ordering ideasExercise 1Signposting Exercise 2Final.

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OVERVIEW: The way to well-written science

How to do the Course


PART I: Paragraphs and Sentences

SET A: Paragraphs: The Maps Behind Them

SET B: Paragraphs: Using Maps to Meet Readers' Expectations

SET C: Paragraphs with Something Extra: Points and Tails

SET D: The Generic Section: Expectations and Maps as Blueprints

SET E: Scientific Sections: The Methods and Results

SET F: Scientific Sections: The Discussion

SET G : Scientific Sections: The Introduction

SET H : Sentences

SET I : The Paper as a Whole



PART II: The Paper and its Sections


SET 1: Argument Parts

SET 2: Indicator Words

SET 3: Refining Claims

SET 4: Locating Arguments in Prose

SET 5: Rationale's Essay Planner

SET 6: Evidence in Arguments: Basis Boxes

SET 7: Assessing

SET 8: More on Assessing

SET 9: Analysis Maps

SET 10: Assessing Again

Synthesis 1: Position-Early Paragraphs

Synthesis 2: Position-Final Paragraphs

Synthesis 3: Writing a Discussion I

Synthesis 4: Writing a Discussion II


We'll look at two kinds of essay in this set:

  • A literature essay makes a case for a position by compiling a set of reasons which support that view
  • An argumentative essay argues for a position by offering supporting reasons, anticipating objections someone might make and rebutting those objections

Rationale has essay planning templates of both these kinds.


The essay planning tool is easy to use.  You follow these steps:

Step 1Within the Building Panel choose the "Templates" pane,

Step 2.  Select an essay planning template, drag and drop it onto the workspace

Step 3.  The essay is automatically generated in the Essay Preview pane of the Text Panel

Step 4.  Save (export) your essay plan in Word or other word processing software. The exported document has additional guidance on how to flesh out an essay.

Try this now for yourself, using one of the 'filled in' examples



Content of this page drawn in whole or part from the Austhink Rationale Exercises with permission from Austhink.