The Science Of Scientific Writing    Set G      The Introduction     The Pivot Point of the Paper   Challenges to Coherence   Exercise 1     Hand in Glove     Exercise 2      Final Page .

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OVERVIEW: The way to well-written science

How to do the Course


PART I: Paragraphs and Sentences

SET A: Paragraphs: The Maps Behind Them

SET B: Paragraphs: Using Maps to Meet Readers' Expectations

SET C: Paragraphs with Something Extra: Points and Tails

SET D: The Generic Section: Expectations and Maps as Blueprints

SET E: Scientific Sections: The Methods and Results

SET F: Scientific Sections: The Discussion

SET G : Scientific Sections: The Introduction

SET H : Sentences

SET I : The Paper as a Whole



PART II: The Paper and its Sections


SET 1: Argument Parts

SET 2: Indicator Words

SET 3: Refining Claims

SET 4: Locating Arguments in Prose

SET 5: Rationale's Essay Planner

SET 6: Evidence in Arguments: Basis Boxes

SET 7: Assessing

SET 8: More on Assessing

SET 9: Analysis Maps

SET 10: Assessing Again

Synthesis 1: Position-Early Paragraphs

Synthesis 2: Position-Final Paragraphs

Synthesis 3: Writing a Discussion I

Synthesis 4: Writing a Discussion II

Abbreviating an Introduction

Let's hone your skills at pruning down an Introduction.

Below is a "first draft" of the first paragraph of an Introduction to a fictional paper on tiger conservation.

* Use the "allusion strategy" mentioned on the previous page to reduce its length.

* Copy the revised version to the Rationale workspace

"India has an enormous variety of biogeographic zones: the Trans-Himalaya, the Himalayas, the Semi-arid, the Western Ghats, the Deccan Peninsula, the Gangetic Plains, the Coast, North-East and the Islands. Of these the Western Ghats arguably has the greatest number of threatened animals and plants. These include the Nilgiri Marten, Wroughton's free-tail bat, Nasikabatrachus, the King Cobra, the tiger, Anacolosa densiflora and Pseudoglochidion anamalayanum. Of these species, the tiger has continued to garner the greatest attention. Tiger conservation studies have identified a large number of factors that influence population numbers: the requirement for large, unfragmented landscapes; poaching; human-tiger conflicts and the need for large prey. Recent studies have shown that it is this last factor that is probably the most important."