The Science Of Scientific Writing    Set D     Expectations of the Generic Section    Maps for Sections      Exercise 1   Exercise 2    Final Page   .

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OVERVIEW: The way to well-written science

How to do the Course


PART I: Paragraphs and Sentences

SET A: Paragraphs: The Maps Behind Them

SET B: Paragraphs: Using Maps to Meet Readers' Expectations

SET C: Paragraphs with Something Extra: Points and Tails

SET D: The Generic Section: Expectations and Maps as Blueprints

SET E: Scientific Sections: The Methods and Results

SET F: Scientific Sections: The Discussion

SET G : Scientific Sections: The Introduction

SET H : Sentences

SET I : The Paper as a Whole



PART II: The Paper and its Sections


SET 1: Argument Parts

SET 2: Indicator Words

SET 3: Refining Claims

SET 4: Locating Arguments in Prose

SET 5: Rationale's Essay Planner

SET 6: Evidence in Arguments: Basis Boxes

SET 7: Assessing

SET 8: More on Assessing

SET 9: Analysis Maps

SET 10: Assessing Again

Synthesis 1: Position-Early Paragraphs

Synthesis 2: Position-Final Paragraphs

Synthesis 3: Writing a Discussion I

Synthesis 4: Writing a Discussion II

Exercise 1


In this exercise you are supplied with the Introduction and Results of a paper - The Malachite Marmoset: the first photosynthetic animal?. Download this Word document, read it and then:

  • Create a map for a Discussion section for the paper, following the suggestions of the previous two pages. Keep in mind that a Discussion section typically has a one-paragraph Frame of Reference part, which (1) lays out the structure of the Elaboration part, and (2) states the main claim of the main argument of the Discussion (if it is argumentative, as is the case here). I recommend that you plan the map as if each of the three sub-sections of the Results will be discussed in a separate paragraph, and as if the Discussion will have a single Conclusion paragraph.
  • Write up a Discussion of at least five paragraphs based on the map you have created, making sure that the sentences in the boxes of the map provide the basis for the Framing or Point Sentences of the paragraphs.