The Science Of Scientific Writing    Set 1     Set 1-Argument Parts : Second Page : Third Page : Example : Exercise 1 : Exercise 2 : Exercise 3 : Exercise 4 : Exercise 5 : Final Page - Set 1.

Course Home

OVERVIEW: The way to well-written science

How to do the Course


PART I: Paragraphs and Sentences

SET A: Paragraphs: The Maps Behind Them

SET B: Paragraphs: Using Maps to Meet Readers' Expectations

SET C: Paragraphs with Something Extra: Points and Tails

SET D: The Generic Section: Expectations and Maps as Blueprints

SET E: Scientific Sections: The Methods and Results

SET F: Scientific Sections: The Discussion

SET G : Scientific Sections: The Introduction

SET H : Sentences

SET I : The Paper as a Whole



PART II: The Paper and its Sections


SET 1: Argument Parts

SET 2: Indicator Words

SET 3: Refining Claims

SET 4: Locating Arguments in Prose

SET 5: Rationale's Essay Planner

SET 6: Evidence in Arguments: Basis Boxes

SET 7: Assessing

SET 8: More on Assessing

SET 9: Analysis Maps

SET 10: Assessing Again

Synthesis 1: Position-Early Paragraphs

Synthesis 2: Position-Final Paragraphs

Synthesis 3: Writing a Discussion I

Synthesis 4: Writing a Discussion II

Now try this for yourself.

Exercise 1

1. Make a Rationale Reasoning map of this form:

Map Template

Use these claims:

Drag this onto the workspace

Drag this image onto the workspace to proceed.  You must be using the inbuilt browser in Rationale 1.3 or later.


  • Start by dragging the boxes onto your workspace
  • Change the colors of the boxes to show what sort of claim each is: a white box for the position, a green box for the reason, and a red box for the objection.
    • There are two main ways to change the colour of the box:
      • Right-click a box, choose "Change Box..." and choose one of the options (at this point only use the first 3)
      • Left-click a box, then go to top menu bar. Making sure youre in "Home" mode, click on "Box" and choose one of the options (at this point only use the first 3)
  • Once you've created at least one reason/objection, make sure you're in the Home mode (Top Menu) and then make sure you're working in "Reason" mode (and not Group or Analysis mode).
  • The position is the main point at stake, or the chief issue under consideration
  • The reason is the claim that supports the position by providing evidence that suggests the position is true
  • The objection is the claim that undermines the position, offering something to suggest that the position is false
  • Arrange the boxes to replicate the argument template we've provided

2. Check your work against the model.


Content of this page drawn in whole or part from the Austhink Rationale Exercises with permission from Austhink.