The Science Of Scientific Writing    Set C    Coherence &Cohesion    Coherence I   Exercise 1    Coherence II    Exercise 2    Cohesion   Exercise 3     Final Page.

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OVERVIEW: The way to well-written science

How to do the Course


PART I: Paragraphs and Sentences

SET A: Paragraphs: The Maps Behind Them

SET B: Paragraphs: Using Maps to Meet Readers' Expectations

SET C: Paragraph Coherence and Cohesion

SET D: Sentences

SET E: Scientific Sections (including Methods)

SET F: Scientific Sections: The Discussion

SET G : Scientific Sections: The Introduction

SET H : The Paper as a Whole

Paragraphs should be coherent and cohesive

Readers expect paragraphs to feel "integrated" and "consistent" but writers often make mistakes that lead to their texts seeming unorganised and uncoordinated. In research on effective expository writing the integrity of a text is usually considered at two levels:

  • Global coherence
  • Local cohesion

At the level of the paragraph, some sense of the difference between coherence and cohesion is indicated by the fact that we can only assess the paragraph's coherence after having read the entire paragraph (and asking how well does it all hang together as a piece), whereas we can judge its cohesiveness as we move from sentence to sentence.

We will now look at each of these two aspects of integrated writing in more detail, and we will see how mapping of a text can often help us understand many basic mistakes of coherence and cohesion, and also, how to remedy them.