The Science Of Scientific Writing    Set D  Introduction   Multi-part Sentences   The End of the Sentence  Exercise 1   The Start of the Sentence  The Middle of the Sentence   Sentence, Paragraph compared   Mapping Multi-part Sentences   Exercise 2   Types of Sentence Part   Exercise X   Advanced Sentence Stories   Final Page   .

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OVERVIEW: The way to well-written science

How to do the Course


PART I: Paragraphs and Sentences

SET A: Paragraphs: The Maps Behind Them

SET B: Paragraphs: Using Maps to Meet Readers' Expectations

SET C: Paragraph Coherence and Cohesion

SET D: Sentences

SET E: Scientific Sections (including Methods)

SET F: Scientific Sections: The Discussion

SET G : Scientific Sections: The Introduction

SET H : The Paper as a Whole

The structure of a long, multi-part sentence is very similar to that of a paragraph

The two diagrams summarise the essential structures of a multi-part sentence and the two basic paragraph types (landmark-final paragraph and landmark-early).



The sentence structure is almost identical to that of a landmark-final paragraph, and has much in common with the landmark early.


What about one-part sentences?

Even when using simple, one-part sentences the guiding principle of Familiar First applies. Sentences in English text (and many other languages) follow a pattern called Topic-Comment (or Theme-Rheme) wherein the early content usually refers to something already mentioned (the Topic) and the latter part tells us something new (the Comment) about the topic. In a scientific text, the Comment content of an early sentence will often serve as the Topic of a later sentence, i.e. it acts in the same "stepping stone" fashion as we saw in chains of longer sentences. For example:

The hair samples were collected each day. Regular collection made it possible to correlate animal movements with weather conditions.