The Science Of Scientific Writing    Set 2     Set 2 - Indicator words : 3 types of Indicators : Example : Exercise 1 : Exercise 2 : Exercise 3 : Exercise 4 : Exercise 5 : Exercise 6-Quiz : Exercise 7 : Final page Set 2.

Course Home

OVERVIEW: The way to well-written science

How to do the Course


PART I: Paragraphs and Sentences

SET A: Paragraphs: The Maps Behind Them

SET B: Paragraphs: Using Maps to Meet Readers' Expectations

SET C: Paragraphs with Something Extra: Points and Tails

SET D: The Generic Section: Expectations and Maps as Blueprints

SET E: Scientific Sections: The Methods and Results

SET F: Scientific Sections: The Discussion

SET G : Scientific Sections: The Introduction

SET H : Sentences

SET I : The Paper as a Whole



PART II: The Paper and its Sections


SET 1: Argument Parts

SET 2: Indicator Words

SET 3: Refining Claims

SET 4: Locating Arguments in Prose

SET 5: Rationale's Essay Planner

SET 6: Evidence in Arguments: Basis Boxes

SET 7: Assessing

SET 8: More on Assessing

SET 9: Analysis Maps

SET 10: Assessing Again

Synthesis 1: Position-Early Paragraphs

Synthesis 2: Position-Final Paragraphs

Synthesis 3: Writing a Discussion I

Synthesis 4: Writing a Discussion II

Exercise 7

Now that you have analysed the architecture of Sally's story so thoroughly, let's put that knowledge to use, and map the entire argument on the workspace.


  • Start by using the cursor to select the text that expresses the main position.
  • Drag it onto the workspace and make it the top box (white) of the map.
  • Then drag and drop blocks of text that directly support or counter the main position, and add them to the map as reasons and objections.
  • Work your way systematically down the map, adding in more reasons and objections until all the text below has been used.
  • As before, DON'T transfer indicator words.

Sally the security officer was on duty when the diamonds were stolen. Many people consider her trustworthy, SINCE she has worked at the firm for 10 years. HOWEVER, Sally may have been tempted to steal the diamonds FOR she has recently had financial difficulties BECAUSE she plays online poker every night. Gloria says Sally didn't do it, BUT she is Sally's best friend. The safe wasn't tampered with, SO the thief must have used the proper key. CONSEQUENTLY Sally stole the diamonds, AS only she had access to the key.


Many barristers have recently started using Rationale in the courtroom, to help them present complex arguments to the jury. Do you agree that a map would be a handy aid if you had to persuade someone of poor Sally's guilt?


No model answer for this one!






Content of this page drawn in whole or part from the Austhink Rationale Exercises with permission from Austhink .