The Science Of Scientific Writing    Set 9    Set 9-Analysis mapsSecond pageExampleExercise 1Exercise 2Exercise 3Exercise 4Exercise 5Refinement RevisitedRabbit RuleHolding Hands RuleExercise 6Inference objectionsExercise 7Exercise 8 Final.

Course Home

OVERVIEW: The way to well-written science

How to do the Course


PART I: Paragraphs and Sentences

SET A: Paragraphs: The Maps Behind Them

SET B: Paragraphs: Using Maps to Meet Readers' Expectations

SET C: Paragraphs with Something Extra: Points and Tails

SET D: The Generic Section: Expectations and Maps as Blueprints

SET E: Scientific Sections: The Methods and Results

SET F: Scientific Sections: The Discussion

SET G : Scientific Sections: The Introduction

SET H : Sentences

SET I : The Paper as a Whole



PART II: The Paper and its Sections


SET 1: Argument Parts

SET 2: Indicator Words

SET 3: Refining Claims

SET 4: Locating Arguments in Prose

SET 5: Rationale's Essay Planner

SET 6: Evidence in Arguments: Basis Boxes

SET 7: Assessing

SET 8: More on Assessing

SET 9: Analysis Maps

SET 10: Assessing Again

Synthesis 1: Position-Early Paragraphs

Synthesis 2: Position-Final Paragraphs

Synthesis 3: Writing a Discussion I

Synthesis 4: Writing a Discussion II

Inference objections

The precision of an Analysis map clarifies how a particular type of objection works: those objections that bears upon an assumption, rather than on a main claim.

Remember our smoking example?  Suppose we had this map:

Smoking objection reasoning map

It is structurally correct, but it doesn't show precisely how the objection works.  This map makes it much clearer:

Smoking objection analysis map

The objection undermines the assumption, rather than the main premise.  The person offering it may agree that John enjoys smoking, but doesn't agree that this is a reason for you to smoke.

Note: You might wonder why we've only shown one premise in the objection.  Nothing important would be gained by 'unfolding' it (it's a trivial claim connecting 'shouldn't' and 'don't need to').  Only show co-premises that improve or clarify your map.

(Jargon alert! The technical name for these objections is 'inference objections'.  You don't need a formal definition to do these exercises, but click here (pdf) if you like that sort of thing).



Content of this page drawn in whole or part from the Austhink Rationale Exercises with permission from Austhink.