The Science Of Scientific Writing    Set C     Paragraphs with something extra: points and tails    Paragraphs that end with a bang!   Using maps to write Point-final paragraphs  Exercise 1   Exercise 2    Exercise 3   Further ideas on Point-final paragraphs   Exercise 4     Paragraphs that are short, or have a tail     Final Page.

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OVERVIEW: The way to well-written science

How to do the Course


PART I: Paragraphs and Sentences

SET A: Paragraphs: The Maps Behind Them

SET B: Paragraphs: Using Maps to Meet Readers' Expectations

SET C: Paragraphs with Something Extra: Points and Tails

SET D: The Generic Section: Expectations and Maps as Blueprints

SET E: Scientific Sections: The Methods and Results

SET F: Scientific Sections: The Discussion

SET G : Scientific Sections: The Introduction

SET H : Sentences

SET I : The Paper as a Whole



PART II: The Paper and its Sections


SET 1: Argument Parts

SET 2: Indicator Words

SET 3: Refining Claims

SET 4: Locating Arguments in Prose

SET 5: Rationale's Essay Planner

SET 6: Evidence in Arguments: Basis Boxes

SET 7: Assessing

SET 8: More on Assessing

SET 9: Analysis Maps

SET 10: Assessing Again

Synthesis 1: Position-Early Paragraphs

Synthesis 2: Position-Final Paragraphs

Synthesis 3: Writing a Discussion I

Synthesis 4: Writing a Discussion II

*Exercise 2*


In Exercise 2 you will convert a normal argument map into the Point-final format, following the same 3 steps described on this page.

  • Start with a map in normal argument format (supplied below).
  • Shift the text of the top box to a new red claim box at the bottom of the map leaving the top box blank.
  • Fill in the blank box with a Framing Sentence that provides a question for which old top box statement is the answer
  • Finally, write it up as a Point-final paragraph




Drag it to the Rationale workspace and convert it to a Point-Final map as instructed above. For the dragging to work, you must be viewing this page using Rationale's inline browser.

Then use the map as the basis for a Point-Final paragraph. After you have copied the sentences from the map boxes, make sure to edit the text so that it reads smoothly.

The argument presents the core evidence that allowed Louis Pasteur to dismiss previously claimed cases of spontaneous generation.




No Model Answer is supplied. Feedback will be provided by your instructor (if available).