The Science Of Scientific Writing    Set C     Paragraphs with something extra: points and tails    Paragraphs that end with a bang!   Using maps to write Point-final paragraphs  Exercise 1   Exercise 2    Exercise 3   Further ideas on Point-final paragraphs   Exercise 4     Paragraphs that are short, or have a tail     Final Page.

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OVERVIEW: The way to well-written science

How to do the Course


PART I: Paragraphs and Sentences

SET A: Paragraphs: The Maps Behind Them

SET B: Paragraphs: Using Maps to Meet Readers' Expectations

SET C: Paragraphs with Something Extra: Points and Tails

SET D: The Generic Section: Expectations and Maps as Blueprints

SET E: Scientific Sections: The Methods and Results

SET F: Scientific Sections: The Discussion

SET G : Scientific Sections: The Introduction

SET H : Sentences

SET I : The Paper as a Whole



PART II: The Paper and its Sections


SET 1: Argument Parts

SET 2: Indicator Words

SET 3: Refining Claims

SET 4: Locating Arguments in Prose

SET 5: Rationale's Essay Planner

SET 6: Evidence in Arguments: Basis Boxes

SET 7: Assessing

SET 8: More on Assessing

SET 9: Analysis Maps

SET 10: Assessing Again

Synthesis 1: Position-Early Paragraphs

Synthesis 2: Position-Final Paragraphs

Synthesis 3: Writing a Discussion I

Synthesis 4: Writing a Discussion II

Exercise 3


The procedure for Exercise 3 is the same as for Exercise 1. You will "construct" a Point-Final map, then a paragraph, from a set of supplied sentences

First you must decide which sentence/s, if any, represent:

  • A Framing Sentence
  • A paragraph-concluding Point Sentence
  • Introductory sentence/s (i.e. non-core sentences that precede the Framing Sentence)

Then arrange those sentences in a Point-final map as per the previously suggested format (see here).



1. Drag the image of the seven sentences below onto the Rationale Workspace, and then rearrange the individual sentences as per the above instructions. For the dragging to work, you must be viewing this page using Rationale's inline browser.

2. Then use the map as the basis for a Point-final paragraph. After you have copied the sentences from the map boxes, make sure to edit the text so that it reads smoothly.




No Model Answer is supplied. Feedback will be provided by your instructor (if available).