The Science Of Scientific Writing    Set H      Location in Sentences   Multi-part Sentences      Exercise 1     Maps for Sentences     Exercise 2       Simple Sentences      Final Page .

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OVERVIEW: The way to well-written science

How to do the Course


PART I: Paragraphs and Sentences

SET A: Paragraphs: The Maps Behind Them

SET B: Paragraphs: Using Maps to Meet Readers' Expectations

SET C: Paragraphs with Something Extra: Points and Tails

SET D: The Generic Section: Expectations and Maps as Blueprints

SET E: Scientific Sections: The Methods and Results

SET F: Scientific Sections: The Discussion

SET G : Scientific Sections: The Introduction

SET H : Sentences

SET I : The Paper as a Whole



PART II: The Paper and its Sections


SET 1: Argument Parts

SET 2: Indicator Words

SET 3: Refining Claims

SET 4: Locating Arguments in Prose

SET 5: Rationale's Essay Planner

SET 6: Evidence in Arguments: Basis Boxes

SET 7: Assessing

SET 8: More on Assessing

SET 9: Analysis Maps

SET 10: Assessing Again

Synthesis 1: Position-Early Paragraphs

Synthesis 2: Position-Final Paragraphs

Synthesis 3: Writing a Discussion I

Synthesis 4: Writing a Discussion II

The importance of location in simple sentences

Even in a simple sentence, consisting of a single, independent clause, the Familiar First principle comes into play. The early part of an English sentence is expected to provide context, and the final part, elaboration in the form of new information. Most importantly, the main form of contextualisation in English is usually of a specific type: the reader expects to be introduced to an early "subject" which the rest of the sentence will then be about (i.e. the elaboration). This contextual subject is nearly always also the grammatical subject of the sentence, for example, as in this sentence:

The electrophoresis was repeated three times.

The contextual and grammatical subject are: "The electrophoresis".

Several strategies exist for separating the two, the main one using an initial "As for.."

As for the electrophoresis, we repeated it three times

Here the contextual subject is still "the electrophoresis" but the grammatical subject of the main verb ("repeated") is "we".