The Science Of Scientific Writing    Set D  Introduction   Multi-part Sentences   The End of the Sentence  Exercise 1   The Start of the Sentence  The Middle of the Sentence   Sentence, Paragraph compared   Mapping Multi-part Sentences   Exercise 2   Types of Sentence Part   Exercise X   Advanced Sentence Stories   Final Page   .

Course Home

OVERVIEW: The way to well-written science

How to do the Course


PART I: Paragraphs and Sentences

SET A: Paragraphs: The Maps Behind Them

SET B: Paragraphs: Using Maps to Meet Readers' Expectations

SET C: Paragraph Coherence and Cohesion

SET D: Sentences

SET E: Scientific Sections (including Methods)

SET F: Scientific Sections: The Discussion

SET G : Scientific Sections: The Introduction

SET H : The Paper as a Whole

Exercise 1


In this exercise you are supplied with the Introduction and Results of a paper - The Malachite Marmoset: the first photosynthetic animal?. Download this Word document, read it and then:

  • Create a map for a Discussion section for the paper, following the suggestions of the previous two pages. Keep in mind that a Discussion section typically has a one-paragraph Frame of Reference part, which (1) lays out the structure of the Elaboration part, and (2) states the main claim of the main argument of the Discussion (if it is argumentative, as is the case here). I recommend that you plan the map as if each of the three sub-sections of the Results will be discussed in a separate paragraph, and as if the Discussion will have a single Conclusion paragraph.
  • Write up a Discussion of at least five paragraphs based on the map you have created, making sure that the sentences in the boxes of the map provide the basis for the Framing or Point Sentences of the paragraphs.